Louli LoBue hOMe

Luxuries for the Modern Bohemian

RUG CONSTRUCTION GUIDE

I am so proud to feature SURYA rugs in my collection.  Learn more about these gifted artisans:    WATCH VIDEO

HAND KNOTTED

*Manufacturing Time: 5-9 Months

Hand Knotting is the most intricate, labor intensive rug weaving practices in use today.  The higher the number of knots per square inch typically translates to better quality.  A complex pattern can require very dense knotting and takes a longer time to produce. An average weaver can tie approximately 3,000 knots per day.

  • How to Identify :  individual knots are visible on the back of the rug, and its possible to see the overall pattern and colors of the rug.  The fringe is an extension of the foundation.  Weaving and knots will be slightly uneven.
  • DURABILITY:  Longest lasting construction.   Great ones well cared for can last 100 years or more. 
  • SHEDS:  sheds the least.

HAND TUFTED

*Manufacturing Time: 4-6 months

Made using a hand-operated tool to punch strands of wool or other fibers into canvas stretched on a frame. After tufting, the rug is removed from the frame and a backing is applied. Bindings may be added to the edges for strength.

  • How to Identify: an adhesive is used to attach a canvas backing.  Typically have a cut pile surface.
  • DURABILITY: Lasts 10 years or more with proper care.
  • SHEDS:  Sheds initially, subsiding over time.  Degree of shedding depends on the quality of the wool and rug density. More expensive will shed less than less expensive.

HAND HOOKED

*Manufacture Time: 4-6 months

Same process as hand tufted, but the hand hooked rug will have a loop pile surface, whereas the hand tufted has a cut pile surface.

How to Identify: similar to hand tufted, but the pile will be looped.

DURABILITY:  Lasts 10 years or more with proper care. 

hand woven shag

*Manufacturing Time: 4-6 months

Hand woven shag rugs are made on hand operated looms with hundreds of plush, twisted and slightly felted yarns.  A team of weavers uses a long steel rod to shoot the fibers across vertical strings that run the length of the rug.

  • How to Identify:  deep pile, shaggy appearance.  May or may not have a canvas backing.
  • DURABILITY:  Lasts around 8 years depending on use.
  • SHEDDING:  Moderate shedding from wool, subsides over time.

hand woven flat weave

*Manufacturing Time: 4-6 weeks

Often referred to Dhurri's or Kilims, flatweave rugs are woven on a loom, rather than knotted.  Ours are constructed of wool or cotton, no synthetics ever in our rugs!   In most cases, the pattern can be viewed on both sides, making them reversible.

  • How to Identify:  Do not have a tufted pile because they are woven, so they have a flat appearance.  Pattern on both sides.
  • DURABILITY:  Up to 10 years depending on use.
  • SHEDDING:  Some shedding, subsides over time.

hand loomed wool

*Manufacturing Time: 4-5 Months

 Hand loomed wool rugs are constructed on hand-operated looms. A team of weavers uses a long steel rod to shoot the fibers across vertical strings that run the length of the rug.  Rugs can be all cut pile,  cut and loop pile, or all loop pile.  In some cases, may be hand carved to accentuate texture and design.

  • How to Identify:  low to medium pile, may or may not have a canvas backing.
  • DURABILITY:  Up to 8 years depending on use.
  • SHEDDING:  Sheds initially, subsiding over time.  Degree of shedding depends on the quality of the wool and rug density. More expensive will shed less than less expensive.

natural fiber

*Manufacturing Time: 4-5 Months

While not a true "construction", natural (plant based) fiber possess their own unique characteristics. They are constructed of tightly woven fibers such as bamboo, cotton, jute, linen, seagrass and sisal to create a casual and relaxed look and feel. The fibers are often dyed to create a pattern.  Note that exposure the sun for long periods may bleach the colors. All the rugs are sustainable and biodegradable.

  • DURABILITY:  Lasts up to 6 years depending on use.
  • SHEDDING: minimal.
  • ADDITIONAL FEATURES:  Biodegradable, naturally insulating, eco-friendly.
  • SOFT: Cotton, Seagrass and Linen (softens over time)
  • COARSE: Jute, Sisal
  • MOISTURE RESISTANT:  Jute and Seagrass
  • * Note: We do not sell rugs made with synthetic fibers, so we do not feature machine made or outdoor rugs.

COMMON RUG CHARACTERISTICS

There are common issues inherent in hand made area rugs that we want to educate you about!  These characteristics are NOT considered defects, and are not valid reasons for return.

Color -- No two handmade rugs are the same, that is part of their intrinsic appeal!  Slight color variations are normal, as dye lots change.  For this reason, the color of your rug can vary from the sample or from photos - that is common.   

Shedding -- all wool rugs shed, but it subsides over time usually approx 20 vacuums.  Our rugs are higher end due to their intricate construction process,  so expect them to shed less over time than less expensive versions.

Sprouts -- Loose fibers that extend from the top of the rug are normal and part of the break in process of a handmade rug.  With a small scissor, simply snip them off even with the rest of the pile.  Do not pull out the fiber as it will loosen the foundation.

Creases -- A rug may have creases from shipping. Lie it flat and it will even out within a week or two. You can also reverse roll the rug overnight (with the pile to the outside) to expedite crease removal.

Odor -- Rugs recently removed from a bag may have an odor. That is not off-gassing and will dissipate within a week.  It's caused by the yarns, dyes and being cooped up for long periods in packaging while traveling very long distances to get to you from their birthplace in India!

Fading - All rugs will fade over time if exposed to direct sunlight.  It's recommended to use window shades or curtains -- or to rotate your rug every 6 months to minimize fading.